How to Prepare for KVS TGT and PRT 2021 Exam?

The official KVS recruitment 2021 notification is due to be out soon. The Kendriya Vidhyalaya Sangathan PGT, PRT, TGT exams are conducted for hiring teachers at various grades at Kendriya Vidhyalas across the country.

The KVS recruitment 2021 drive will be for 9000+ vacancies. Keep visiting the official website for announcements. This is an offline mode exam and no negative marking is applicable. In this article, we will delve into key strategies you must apply for each section for the KVS TGT and PRT exams.

KVS Recruitment 2021: KVS TGT 2021 Exam Pattern

The KVS Trained Graduate Teachers or TGT exam consists of two parts as mentioned below with GK & Current Affairs, Reasoning Ability and Pedagogy sections carrying 40 marks each. The total exam is 150 marks and the total time allotted is 2 hours 30 minutes.

Parts

Sections

Questions

Marks

Part 1

General English

10

10

General Hindi

10

10

 

 

Part 2

General Knowledge & Current Affairs

40

40

Reasoning Ability

40

40

Computer Literacy

10

10

Pedagogy

40

40

Total

 

150

150

How to Prepare for KVS PRT Syllabus & Exam Pattern

Like the KVS TGT exam, the KVS Primary Teacher or PRT exam also comprises two parts. However, in this exam, the Optional subject of 80 marks carries the highest weightage. The total marks is still 150 marks and the time allotted is 2 hours 30 minutes as well.

Parts

Sections

Questions

Marks

Part 1

General English

10

10

General Hindi

10

10

 

 

Part 2

General Knowledge & Current Affairs

10

10

Reasoning Ability

10

10

Computer Literacy

10

10

Pedagogy

40

40

Subject Concerned

80

80

Total

 

150

150

General English & General Hindi

  • Topics: Reading Comprehension, Sentence/Paragraph Correction, Error Detection, Jumbled Sentences, Active & Passive Voice, Cloze Test, Odd One Out, Fill in the Blanks, Sentence Connectors, Vocabulary [Synonyms, Antonyms, Idioms & phrases, One-word Substitution], etc.
  • In both General English and Hindi, Reading Comprehension assumes higher weightage owing to the number and nature of the questions. For such questions, try to identify the theme and style of the passage. The theme can be borrowed from arts, social sciences or science and technology and the style can be rhetoric, conversational, descriptive, etc.
  • For the vocabulary portion, focus on word forms and origins, root words and translation in the native language. Relate words with each other, for instance, utopia and dystopia, are different prefixes before ‘-topia’. Further, ‘dys’ is a common prefix for words having a negative connotation. 

General Knowledge & Current Affairs

  • Topics: Current Affairs, National & International Issues, Business & Economics, Important Institution and changes, Currency, Major Statistics, Film & Television, Science & Technology, Culture, Events & Anniversaries, Books & Authors, Major Government Schemes, Environment & Ecosystem , Sports, Important Dates, etc.
  • Changes in Constitution, Environment conventions, major books, awards and writers, critical government schemes, dates and anniversaries and some of the important sub-topics you must focus upon.
  • Divide your preparation schedule between Static and Dynamic GK [last 6-8 months]. For Dynamic GK, read both English and Hindi newspapers, competitive magazines, monthly topic-based compilations and also develop an understanding of major events. For Static GK, yearbooks are highly recommended.

Reasoning Ability

  • Topics: Puzzles, Seating Arrangement, Non-Verbal Series, Dates & Calendars, Cause & Effects, Orders & Rankings, Statements & Conclusion, Figures/Verbal Classification, Assertion & Reason, Coding-Decoding, Word Formation, Directions, Syllogism, Alphabet Test, Blood Relation, Inequalities, etc.
  • In this section, the trick is to break down the problem statement with the help of the instructions and directions given. For instance, in direction questions, identify the starting points, make diagrams, follow the endpoints and be familiar with changes in directions.
  • A key trick to prepare for the KVS TGT 2021 exam is to visualise the question, make flow charts, trace the steps gradually. This goes a long way in questions like Seating Arrangement, Directions, Clocks, Blood Relations, etc.

Computer Literacy

  • Topics: Hardware, Software, Input & Output Devices, Functions of Computers, Operating System, Computer Fundamentals, History & Evolution of Computer, Types of Computers, Artificial Intelligence, Cybersecurity, Networking & Internet, Keyboard shortcuts, Database Management, etc.
  • There are 10 questions from Computer Literacy in the KVS PRT Syllabus as well as KVS TGT 2021 syllabus.

Pedagogy

  • Topics: Development and relationship with learning, Principles of development of children, Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs, Factors affecting learning [personal & environmental], Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds, Learning & Pedagogy, How Children Think and learn, Motivation and learning, etc.

Subject Concerned [Only in KVS PRT Syllabus]

This section carries 80 questions [80 marks] in the KVS PRT Syllabus and consists of Core Language Competency [Hindi & English], General Science, General Maths and Environmental Science. However, the division of marks amongst these sections is not mentioned. Look out for KVS recruitment 2021 notification.

  • In Core Language Competency [Hindi & English], you will be tested on core English/Hindi Grammar and Composition such as verb forms, adjectives, conjunctions, punctuations, articles, etc. in both languages as well as methods of teaching at the elementary level. Refer to Wren & Martin’s ‘High School Grammar & Composition’ and ‘Objective General English regularly.
  • For General Science, some of the crucial topics include Matter, Atomic Structure, Chemical & Physical Changes, Motion, Conservation of Energy, Living World, The Universe, natural Phenomenon, Our Country, etc.
  • The General Maths portion comprises of topics such as Ratio & Proportion, Number System, Speed & Distance, Simplification/Approximation, Percentages, Profit & Loss, Average, Inequalities, Trigonometry, Probability, Simple & Compound Interest, Ages, Functions, Geometry, Quadratic Equations, Linear Equations, Series & Sequences, Permutation & Combination, Probability Graphs & Tables, Data Interpretation, etc.
  • Lastly, in Environmental Science, the quite vast syllabus includes Important Institutions, Major Demographic Indicators, Common Diseases, Natural Resources, Map of India, etc. 

How to Prepare for KVS PRT & KVS TGT 2021: Crucial Takeaway

The most important part of the answer to the ‘How to prepare for KVS PRT & TGT?’ question is to have a solid starting approach so that you manage your 150 minutes in 150 questions efficiently. Start with the Concerned Subject if you are appearing for PRT and any section of Part 2 if you are taking the TGT exam.

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